Monday, 18 March 2013

ZK + Spring Security Login form–Part 1

In this post, we will see how to create a custom login form using ZK and ask Spring Security to use it for login authentication.

Technologies used in this example:

1. ZK 6.5.1 CE Version.
2. Spring-security-core 3.0.5

Step 1:
Download this document and setup the development environment.

Step 2:
Let us create ZK Maven Project. Follow the below instruction.
In the Eclipse IDE, Select File –> New-> Other-> Maven Project as shown here.
image

Click Next.
image
Uncheck the option “Create a simple Project(skip archetype selection) and Click next.
image
Select “ZK” in the catalog and select “ZK-archetype-webapp 6.0” as shown here."
image
Click Next after selecting the ZK Archetype.
image
Enter “zkloginexample1” for Group ID, Artifact id and Package. And important, please select “ZK-Version-since” from the bottom list and then select finish.
Now, the following folder structure will be created.
image

Step 3:
Next we will include the spring dependency in the POM File.
Double click the POM.XML file in the project navigator.
image

Click on the POM.XML tab. The following modification has been done.
1. Change the ZK Version to latest CE Version.
2. Remove the Maven ZK EE Version Repository.
3. Add the spring security dependency.
Here is the modified POM.XML file.

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<groupId>zkloginexample1</groupId>
<artifactId>zkloginexample1</artifactId>
<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
<properties>
<zk.version>6.5.1</zk.version>
<commons-io>1.3.1</commons-io>
<maven.build.timestamp.format>yyyy-MM-dd</maven.build.timestamp.format>
<packname>-${project.version}-FL-${maven.build.timestamp}</packname>
</properties>
<packaging>war</packaging>
<name>The zkloginexample1 Project</name>
<description>The zkloginexample1 Project</description>
<licenses>
<license>
<name>GNU LESSER GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE, Version 3</name>
<url>http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl.html</url>
<distribution>repo</distribution>
</license>
</licenses>
<repositories>
<repository>
<id>ZK CE</id>
<name>ZK CE Repository</name>
<url>http://mavensync.zkoss.org/maven2</url>
</repository>
<repository>
<id>ZK EVAL</id>
<name>ZK Evaluation Repository</name>
<url>http://mavensync.zkoss.org/eval</url>
</repository>
</repositories>
<pluginRepositories>
<pluginRepository>
<id>zkmaven</id>
<name>ZK Maven Plugin Repository</name>
<url>http://mavensync.zkoss.org/maven2/</url>
</pluginRepository>
</pluginRepositories>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.zkoss.zk</groupId>
<artifactId>zkbind</artifactId>
<version>${zk.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.zkoss.zk</groupId>
<artifactId>zul</artifactId>
<version>${zk.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.zkoss.zk</groupId>
<artifactId>zkplus</artifactId>
<version>${zk.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.zkoss.zk</groupId>
<artifactId>zhtml</artifactId>
<version>${zk.version}</version>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>commons-io</groupId>
<artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
<version>${commons-io}</version>
</dependency>

<!-- Spring Security -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-security-core</artifactId>
<version>3.0.5.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-security-web</artifactId>
<version>3.0.5.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-security-config</artifactId>
<version>3.0.5.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

<!-- ZK 5 breeze theme <dependency> <groupId>org.zkoss.theme</groupId>
<artifactId>breeze</artifactId> <version>${zk.version}</version> <optional>true</optional>
</dependency> -->
</dependencies>
<build>
<finalName>${project.artifactId}</finalName>
<plugins>
<!-- Run with Jetty -->
<plugin>
<groupId>org.mortbay.jetty</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-jetty-plugin</artifactId>
<version>6.1.10</version>
<configuration>
<scanIntervalSeconds>5</scanIntervalSeconds>
<stopKey>foo</stopKey>
<stopPort>9999</stopPort>
</configuration>
<executions>
<execution>
<id>start-jetty</id>
<phase>pre-integration-test</phase>
<goals>
<goal>run</goal>
</goals>
<configuration>
<scanIntervalSeconds>0</scanIntervalSeconds>
<daemon>true</daemon>
</configuration>
</execution>
<execution>
<id>stop-jetty</id>
<phase>post-integration-test</phase>
<goals>
<goal>stop</goal>
</goals>
</execution>
</executions>
</plugin>
<!-- Compile java -->
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
<version>2.3.2</version>
<configuration>
<source>1.5</source>
<target>1.5</target>
</configuration>
</plugin>
<!-- Build war -->
<plugin>
<artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<version>2.1.1</version>
</plugin>
<!-- Pack zips -->
<plugin>
<artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>
<version>2.2</version>
<executions>
<execution>
<id>webapp</id>
<phase>package</phase>
<goals>
<goal>single</goal>
</goals>
<configuration>
<finalName>zkloginexample1${packname}</finalName>
<appendAssemblyId>false</appendAssemblyId>
<descriptors>
<descriptor>assembly/webapp.xml</descriptor>
</descriptors>
</configuration>
</execution>
</executions>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
</project>


Step 4:
Next step we will update web.xml to take care spring filter.
Here is the updated web.xml file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<web-app version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">

<description><![CDATA[My ZK Application]]></description>
<display-name>zkloginexample1</display-name>

<!-- ====================================================== -->
<!-- CONFIGURATION FILES -->
<!-- ====================================================== -->

<!-- =========================================================================================================== -->
<!-- The security configuration is done in XML file and can have any name such as applicationContext-security.xml. -->
<!-- This file needs to be loaded explicitly from web.xml. This is done by adding ContextLoadListener. -->
<!-- The following lines needs to be added before security filter definition in web.xml. -->
<!-- =========================================================================================================== -->
<context-param>
<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
<param-value>
/WEB-INF/spring-security.xml
</param-value>
</context-param>

<!-- ====================================================== -->
<!-- SPRING CONTEXT LOADER -->
<!-- ====================================================== -->

<!-- The org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener class uses a context parameter called contextConfigLocation to
determine the location of the Spring configuration file. The context parameter is configured using the context-parameter element.
The context-param element has two children that specify parameters and their values.
The param-name element specifies the parameter's name. The param-value element specifies the parameter's value
-->

<listener>
<display-name>Spring Context Loader</display-name>
<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
</listener>

<!-- Spring Security -->
<!-- A servlet filter capturing every user requests and sending them to the configured security filters to make sure access is authorized. -->
<filter>
<filter-name>springSecurityFilterChain</filter-name>
<filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy</filter-class>
</filter>

<filter-mapping>
<filter-name>springSecurityFilterChain</filter-name>
<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>

<!-- //// -->
<!-- ZK -->
<listener>
<description>ZK listener for session cleanup</description>
<listener-class>org.zkoss.zk.ui.http.HttpSessionListener</listener-class>
</listener>
<servlet>
<description>ZK loader for ZUML pages</description>
<servlet-name>zkLoader</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.zkoss.zk.ui.http.DHtmlLayoutServlet</servlet-class>

<!-- Must. Specifies URI of the update engine (DHtmlUpdateServlet). It
must be the same as <url-pattern> for the update engine. -->
<init-param>
<param-name>update-uri</param-name>
<param-value>/zkau</param-value>
</init-param>
<!-- Optional. Specifies whether to compress the output of the ZK loader.
It speeds up the transmission over slow Internet. However, if you configure
a filter to post-processing the output, you might have to disable it. Default:
true <init-param> <param-name>compress</param-name> <param-value>true</param-value>
</init-param> -->
<!-- [Optional] Specifies the default log level: OFF, ERROR, WARNING, INFO,
DEBUG and FINER. If not specified, the system default is used. <init-param>
<param-name>log-level</param-name> <param-value>OFF</param-value> </init-param> -->
<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup><!-- Must -->
</servlet>
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>zkLoader</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.zul</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>zkLoader</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.zhtml</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
<!-- [Optional] Uncomment it if you want to use richlets. <servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>zkLoader</servlet-name> <url-pattern>/zk/*</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> -->
<servlet>
<description>The asynchronous update engine for ZK</description>
<servlet-name>auEngine</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.zkoss.zk.au.http.DHtmlUpdateServlet</servlet-class>

<!-- [Optional] Specifies whether to compress the output of the ZK loader.
It speeds up the transmission over slow Internet. However, if your server
will do the compression, you might have to disable it. Default: true <init-param>
<param-name>compress</param-name> <param-value>true</param-value> </init-param> -->
<!-- [Optional] Specifies the AU extension for particular prefix. <init-param>
<param-name>extension0</param-name> <param-value>/upload=com.my.MyUploader</param-value>
</init-param> -->
</servlet>
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>auEngine</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/zkau/*</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>

<!-- [Optional] Uncomment if you want to use the ZK filter to post process
the HTML output generated by other technology, such as JSP and velocity.
<filter> <filter-name>zkFilter</filter-name> <filter-class>org.zkoss.zk.ui.http.DHtmlLayoutFilter</filter-class>
<init-param> <param-name>extension</param-name> <param-value>html</param-value>
</init-param> <init-param> <param-name>compress</param-name> <param-value>true</param-value>
</init-param> </filter> <filter-mapping> <filter-name>zkFilter</filter-name>
<url-pattern>your URI pattern</url-pattern> </filter-mapping> -->
<!-- //// -->

<!-- ///////////// -->
<!-- DSP (optional) Uncomment it if you want to use DSP However, it is turned
on since zksandbox uses DSP to generate CSS. <servlet> <servlet-name>dspLoader</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.zkoss.web.servlet.dsp.InterpreterServlet</servlet-class>
<init-param> <param-name>class-resource</param-name> <param-value>true</param-value>
</init-param> </servlet> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>dspLoader</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.dsp</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> -->

<!-- /////////// -->
<!-- [Optional] Session timeout -->
<session-config>
<session-timeout>60</session-timeout>
</session-config>

<!-- [Optional] MIME mapping -->
<mime-mapping>
<extension>doc</extension>
<mime-type>application/vnd.ms-word</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>gif</extension>
<mime-type>image/gif</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>htm</extension>
<mime-type>text/html</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>html</extension>
<mime-type>text/html</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>jpeg</extension>
<mime-type>image/jpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>jpg</extension>
<mime-type>image/jpeg</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>js</extension>
<mime-type>text/javascript</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>pdf</extension>
<mime-type>application/pdf</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>png</extension>
<mime-type>image/png</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>txt</extension>
<mime-type>text/plain</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xls</extension>
<mime-type>application/vnd.ms-excel</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>xml</extension>
<mime-type>text/xml</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>zhtml</extension>
<mime-type>text/html</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>
<mime-mapping>
<extension>zul</extension>
<mime-type>text/html</mime-type>
</mime-mapping>

<welcome-file-list>
<welcome-file>index.zul</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>index.zhtml</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
</welcome-file-list>
</web-app>


Step 5:
As you can see in the web.xml file, we are loading new xml file configuration named as “spring-security.xml”.
Select the Folder “WEB-INF”, right click, Select New->Other-XML File and give the file name as “spring-security.xml”

image
Paste the following content


<!-- Spring namespace-based configuration -->

<beans:beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/security"
xmlns:beans="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/security
http://www.springframework.org/schema/security/spring-security-3.0.xsd">

<!-- ====================================================== -->
<!-- For catching the @Secured annotation methods -->
<!-- Tells the Spring Security engine that we will use Spring Security's -->
<!-- pre and post invocation Java annotations (@PreFilter, @PreAuthorize, -->
<!-- @PostFilter, -->
<!-- @PostAuthorize) to secure service layer methods.. -->
<!-- Look in GFCBaseCtrl.java onEvent() method. -->
<!-- ====================================================== -->

<!-- Enable the @Secured annotation to secure service layer methods -->
<global-method-security secured-annotations="enabled" />

<http auto-config="true">

<!-- ====================================================== -->
<!-- If we have our own LoginPage. So we must -->
<!-- tell Spring the name and the place. -->
<!-- In our case we take the same page -->
<!-- for a error message by a failure. -->
<!-- Further the page after a successfully login. -->
<!-- ====================================================== -->
<form-login login-page="/login.zul"
authentication-failure-url="/login.zul?login_error=1"
default-target-url="/index.zul" />
<intercept-url pattern="/login.zul" access="IS_AUTHENTICATED_ANONYMOUSLY" />
<intercept-url pattern="/*.zul" access="IS_AUTHENTICATED_REMEMBERED" />
<intercept-url pattern="/zk/*" access="IS_AUTHENTICATED_REMEMBERED" />

</http>



<!-- Usernames/Passwords are rod/koala dianne/emu scott/wombat peter/opal -->
<authentication-manager>
<authentication-provider>

<password-encoder hash="md5" />
<user-service>
<user name="rod" password="a564de63c2d0da68cf47586ee05984d7"
authorities="ROLE_SUPERVISOR, ROLE_USER, ROLE_TELLER" />
<user name="dianne" password="65d15fe9156f9c4bbffd98085992a44e"
authorities="ROLE_USER,ROLE_TELLER" />
<user name="scott" password="2b58af6dddbd072ed27ffc86725d7d3a"
authorities="ROLE_USER" />
<user name="peter" password="22b5c9accc6e1ba628cedc63a72d57f8"
authorities="ROLE_USER" />
</user-service>
</authentication-provider>
</authentication-manager>
</beans:beans>



login-page : The URL that should be used to render the login page.
Just for this example, we have some user names and their password are encoded.


Step 6:
Next step is to add the login.zul. Select the folder “webapp”. Right click, Select New->Other->Zul file. Enter the file name as login.zul
image

image
Here is the file content.


<?page id="loginPage" title="Digital medical sheet - Login page" onLoad="win.doOverlapped();"?>
<window id="win" title="LOGIN" border="normal" width="300px"
position="center">

<!-- this form-login-page form is also used as the
form-error-page to ask for a login again. -->
<html style="color:red" if="${not empty param.login_error}">

<![CDATA[ Your login attempt was not successful, try
again.<br/><br/> Reason:
${SPRING_SECURITY_LAST_EXCEPTION.message} ]]>

</html>

<groupbox>
<caption>Login</caption>
<h:form id="f" name="f" action="j_spring_security_check"
method="POST" xmlns:h="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<grid>
<columns sizable="false">
<column width="50%" />
<column width="50%" />
</columns>
<rows>
<row>
<label value="User:" />
<textbox id="u" name="j_username" />
</row>
<row>
<label value="Password:" />
<textbox id="p" type="password"
name="j_password" />
</row>
<row spans="2">
<div align="center">
<h:input type="submit" value="login" />
<h:input type="reset" value="Reset" />
</div>
</row>
</rows>
</grid>
</h:form>
</groupbox>
</window>

Step 7:
Now the let us change the index.zul file content which is created by default.

<zk>
<window >
Welcome to ZK Secured Page
<button label="Logout" href="/j_spring_security_logout"/>
</window>
</zk>


Step 8:
Now you can select the Project “zkloginexample1”, right click-> Run as –> Run on Server
image
Select the tomcat server and Click finish button


image
Now you can enter any valid username/passwords as follows
rod/koala
dianne/emu
scott/wombat
peter/opal

You can download the source here

Reference
1.
Introduction to Spring Security Concepts.
2. Getting Started Spring Security
3. Understanding Spring Security
4. Configuring spring security

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